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Gumnami Baba

Gumnami_Baba_NetajiGumnami Baba or Bhagwanji was a mystic man ‘sannyasi’ who lived in Ayodhya – Faizabad and is believed to be Netaji Subash Chandra Bose living incognito.

Justice Manoj Mukherjee who headed Mukherjee Commission that inquired into Bose’s death told filmmaker Amlankushum Ghosh that he “strongly believes” that Gumnami Baba was Bose in disguise.

In his report though Justice Mukherjee had ruled out the possibility of Gumnami Baba being Bose however he believed Netaji had not died in the crash.

As per the commission reports the DNA test on the teeth of Gumnami Baba conducted by Central Forensic Science Laboratory (CFSL), Kolkata, had apparently dismissed popular belief and claims that Gumnami Baba was Netaji. Though it could not be conclusively proven that teeth found at Ram Bhawan – the home of ascetic was his own.

It is said that Bhagwanji had an uncanny resemblance to Netaji Bose. Though he lived the life of a hermit but he has on at least four known occasions reportedly claimed himself to be Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Handwriting analysis expert and former Additional Director of the National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Dr B. Lal deposed before the Justice Mukherjee Commission that probed into the disappearance of Netaji that the handwritings of Bhagwanji and Bose did match

Nizamuddin, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s driver in the Azad Hind Fauj (AHF) was also sure that Bose lived in Faizabad in the guise of Gumnami Baba.

Though the commission did not accept the claim that Bhagwanji was Bose for want of any clinching evidence, it said “Bhagwanji-Gumnami Baba was Netaji, the question whether he died in Faizabad (in Uttar Pradesh) on September 16, 1985 as testified by some of the witnesses, need not be answered”; it also rejected the official view of the Indian government that Bose died in 1945. In light of the Justice Mukherjee Commission’s rulings, the obscurity left behind by Bhagwanji makes enough reason for a debate even today.

Gumnami Baba died on 18 September 1985.


According to book India’s Biggest Cover-up by journalist [[Anuj Dhar]], the British intelligence did not believe reports of Bose’s death, but Indian officials suppressed that part of Britain’s input.

Judgment says papers received by Nehru indicated that Netaji flew from Saigon to Diren in  Manchuria in August 1945 in a Japanese bomber, then drove in a waiting jeep towards Russian territory. There is also a letter purportedly written by Nehru to British Prime Minister Attlee saying that “Subhas Chandra Bose, your war criminal, has been allowed to enter Russian territory by Stalin… a clear treachery by the Russians”.


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