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The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act

October 31, 2011 4 comments

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.

The Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Govt of India is monitoring the entire implementation of this scheme in association with state governments. The law was initially called the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) but was renamed on 2 October 2009.


This act was introduced with an aim of improving the purchasing power of the rural people, primarily semi or un-skilled work to people living below poverty line in rural India. It attempts to bridge the gap between the rich and poor in the country. Roughly one-third of the stipulated work force must be women.

Adult members of rural households submit their name, age and address with photo to the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat registers households after making enquiry and issues a job card. The job card contains the details of adult member enrolled and his /her photo. Registered person can submit an application for work in writing (for at least fourteen days of continuous work) either to Panchayat or to Programme Officer.

The Panchayat/Programme Officer will accept the valid application and issue dated receipt of application, letter providing work will be sent to the applicant and also displayed at Panchayat office. The employment will be provided within a radius of 5 km: if it is above 5 km extra wage will be paid.

Dr. Jean Drèze, a Belgian born economist, at the Delhi School of Economics, has been a major influence on this project.

Implementation Status
The scheme was introduced in 200 districts during financial year 2006-07 and 130 districts during the financial year 2007-08. In April 2008 NREGA expanded to entire rural area of the country covering 34 States and Union Territories, 614 Districts, 6,096 Blocks and 2.65 lakhs Gram Panchayats.

Permissible activities as stipulated in Para 1 of Schedule-I of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA are as under:

  • Water conservation and water harvesting;
  • Drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation;
  • Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works;
  • Provision of irrigation facility, horticulture plantation and land development facilities to land owned by households belonging to the Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes or Below Poverty Line families or to beneficiaries of land reforms or to the beneficiaries under the Indira Awas Yojna of the Government of India or that of small farmers or marginal farmers as defined in the Agriculture Debt Waiver and Debt Relief Scheme, 2008. (The benefits of works on individual lands have been extended to small and marginal farmers vide notification dated 22.7.2009)
  • Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks;
  • Land development;
  • Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas;
  • Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access.
  • Construction of Bharat Nirman, Rajiv Gandhi Sewa Kendra as Village Knowledge Resource Centre and Gram Panchayat Bhawan at Gram Panchayat level (included vide Notification dated 11.11.2009).
  • Any other work which may be notified by the Central Government in consultation with the State Government.

  • Toll-Free Helpline : 1800110707

    Public Grievances Redressal System
    Public Grievances Redressal System: Please select State/UT where complaint is to be registered.
    To check your complaint status click here.
    To check about various complaints click here.

    Model estimates under NREGS
    Click here to read a Model estimates under NREGS.

    References:

  • NREGA
  • The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005
  • Mahatma Gandhi NEREGA Guidelines
  • Categories: Acts and Policies Tags: ,
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